Adding a new chapter to the raging debate of ensuring the safety of women and children in the highly literate society of Kerala, Chief Minister Oommen Chandy, launched the pathbreaking ‘Nirbhaya’, in Kochi on Sunday.
The unique venture is an initiative of the state government, to guarantee security for women and children.
The policy recommendations for Nirbhaya, formulated by a five-member expert committee chaired by Sugathakumari, have now been approved by the cabinet.
Former director of public instruction Lida Jacob, bureaucrat Sarada Muraleedharan, danseuse and social activist Mallika Sarabhai and Sunitha Krishnan, director of Prajwala, an NGO, are the other committee members.
Through the innovative scheme, the government aims at making the state women-friendly where women can safely travel even at midnight.
The chief minister has gone on record saying that special fast track courts would be set up for the early disposal of sexual harassment cases and other cases involving violence against women.
“The suggestion has already been sent to the Chief Justice for consideration. Further steps will be taken after getting the opinion of the Chief Justice,” Oommen Chandy said.
Nirbhaya (fearless) mainly focuses on a three-point agenda - prevention, prosecution and protection. This comprehensive policy and action plan with multi-stakeholder convergence will also cover legal reforms and the creation of a corpus fund for rehabilitation and relief.
In prevention, major areas of intervention lie in sensitising society, empowering vulnerable groups, targeting contributing factors such as alcoholism, gender discrimination and consumerism.
The scheme also aims at providing proper rehabilitation facilities to help the victim to heal, recover, empower and reintegrate back into society.
Prosecution is another area of intervention where strong laws have to be formulated to ensure rigorous punishment for the culprits which will be a deterrent for such criminals.
The policy focuses on child abuse, commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking, which constitute the worst forms of sexual violence in the state.
“Increasing cases of atrocities against women and children is a danger signal which needs to be rectified. Media reports on increased violence against women are shocking which reveal that women and minor girls are not safe even in their homes and educational institutions,” the chief minister said.
The scheme is being jointly implemented by various government departments like social welfare, SC/ST, police, health, labour, and local self government in coordination with NGOs.
As part of the initiative, five rehabilitation centres will be set up at various places of the state which will provide facilities for education and employment to the victims.
The government will also provide a specific budget provision for the implementation of the policy recommendations of Nirbhaya.
As per the new scheme, local bodies, Jagratha Samithis and Kudumbasree will be at the core of grassroots interventions related to prevention, identification and rescue as well as rehabilitation of cases of sexual violence and sex trafficking.
Jagratha Samithis, under the Kerala Women’s Commission, at panchayat/local self government level will be the core committees for implementing the Nirbhaya programme.
In addition, there will be district Nirbhaya committees and a state level coordination committee which will closely review the status of the programme and monitor the functioning of local bodies, departments and institutions.
An anti-trafficking squad will be constituted which will establish contact centres at transit points like bus stands, railway stations and airports.
Toll-free helpline numbers and help booths under the jurisdiction of each police station will be set up to assist the victims in getting immediate help.
The squad will protect the victim from media exposure and will ensure that the victim gets access to immediate trauma care, medical care and protection within the minimum possible time.
During the inaugural function, the toll-free helpline number was launched by Mallika Sarabhai. Minister for excise and ports K. Babu inaugurated the Nirbhaya shelter homes.