K.R. Gowri Amma, born in 1919 at Pattanakad village in Alappuzha, is one of the most prominent figures in the communist movement in India. She received a Law degree from Government Law College, Ernakulam. Starting her public life through trade union and peasant movements Gauri Amma was elected to the Travancore Council of Legislative Assembly in the year 1952 and 1954 with overwhelming majority. She was a Minister in the communist-led Ministries in Kerala in 1957 (Revenue Minister in the first ministry headed by E.M.S), 1967, 1980, and 1987 and also became a Minister in the Congress-led Cabinet from 2001 to 2006. In 1994 Gauri Amma was expelled from CPI (M) on charges of anti-party activities following which she formed a new party JSS. She served as the Minister of Agriculture in the A. K. Antony and Oommen Chandy ministries.